Climate and biodiversity policies in Mexico

Over the past decade, Mexico has become an international leader on both climate change and biodiversity issues. As the tenth emitter of greenhouse gases worldwide, Mexico was one of the first countries to issue a climate change law. Under the Paris Agreement, it was one of the first countries to present its Nationally Determined Contribution.

Due to its great biological diversity, Mexico is considered one of the 17 “megadiverse” countries. However, its natural heritage is threatened by several factors: including the loss and degradation of habitats, climate change and pollution. Mexico hosted the thirteenth Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 2016, where it promoted the integration of biodiversity in the productive sectors and presented its National Biodiversity Strategy (ENBioMex) and adjacent 2016-2030 Action Plan.


The International Climate Change Initiative (IKI) in Mexico

Based on the efforts and leadership of Mexico, the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety of Germany (BMUB, acronym in German) supports Mexico through its International Initiative on Change Climate (IKI). The IKI is a key element of Germany’s international climate finance and its financial commitments under the CBD.

Mexico is an IKI priority country. Currently, around 40 bilateral, regional and global projects are implemented in the country by about 15 organizations in the four IKI focus areas: mitigation, adaptation, REDD + and biodiversity.


The Mexican-German Climate Change Alliance: IKI interface project for Mexico

As part of the IKI knowledge management strategy, “interface projects” have been established in IKI priority countries such as Mexico. Interface projects promote exchange among organizations that implement IKI projects and provide information to BMUB regarding the entire IKI portfolio of the country.

In Mexico, the interface function has been assigned to GIZ-implemented bilateral IKI project “Mexican-German Climate Change Alliance”. As an interface project, the “Mexican-German Climate Change Alliance” is responsible for the administration of this blog and the newsletter that is sent every three months. Apart from its interface function, the project supports the Mexican government in meeting its climate goals, through the development of knowledge and capacities at federal and state levels, as well as with the private sector and civil society.

IKI portfolio Mexico

Implementing organizations
Key partners
Budget bilateral projects

Projects by focus area


Key IKI indicators**

Supported policies
Supported institutions
CO2 reduction (tons)
ecosystems restored/ protected (hectars)

* Does not apply to all IKI projects in Mexico

Type of IKI project

Bilateral projects


Regional projects


Global projects